|oR0554||see description||High||7 5.95 EUR||
How old?: 1325-1400.
Finding place: Dordrecht, Groningen, Westenschouwen, Slums, Gdańsk (Poland).
Place of provenance: Köln (Germany)
Details: h.: 37mm w. 30mm.
Meaning: Pilgrim's badge from Köln. Over 10 different patterns of this badge were found (most of them dating for the second half of XIV century). There is little known about Ursula for sure. There is a tale about her and 11,000 virgins. Due to it she was daughter of Bretonnian king. As she was Christian she vowed purity and by this refused to marry king of Hunns (Huns?) Eterius. This became cause of war. Ursula together with 11,000 of her companions, also virgins got on boats to escape her enemies. Unfortunatelly, near to the delta of Ren they met Hunn warriors and were all murdered. When Hunns left Ursula and her companions were buried with honour in Koln. Number of virgins is effect of mistake when reading the phrase on tomb. It says "XI M V" what means "Eleven Martyr Virgins", because the phrase was damaged "M" had been interpreted as thousand. St. Ursula is patron of young women and good death. This pattern is replica of finding from Gdańsk.
Pewter badges were first introduced as pilgrim souvenirs from different places of Christian cult around Europe and the Holy Land. The earliest findings of this type comes from about second half of XII th. century, fall of their popularity is beginning of XVI th. century. They're closely connected with development of pilgrimages among Christians. Pilgrim badges were a solid prove of finishing a long journey to places were once saints lived. About XIV th. century secular badges also appeared.
ATTENTION: dates showed in this catalogue tells only how old was the material used for the original. It doesn't mean that the badge was used only then.
The pewter badges as well as their descriptions are provided to us by Bartosz Sołtysiak who bases them on historical sources.