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Type of small medieval lamp. It is similar to former oil lamps. Our cresset lamp is made of steel, stylized on medieval, and it has a curved handle. It can be held in a hand (on finger) or it can be placed anywhere as type of medieval lighting.
Inside of a curved footer there is wax with a wick in the center.
You should remember that medieval lighting was very expensive. Items such as candles, oils and oil lamps, and other medieval lamps, were luxurious.
However, with every period come numerous technological changes. People, taught by the ancient times, started to place fire torches diagonally in metal or wooden wall handles. Thanks to that, the process of burning took more time. Also, people created steel covers for lighting which let the flames burn more evenly.
To cover candles, people used almost transparent pieces of leather, paper, wood, or metal. Often these were decorated, e.g. by punching holes in the material used.
Candles, in a form known today, gained popularity in 10th century. Together with more expensive bee wax candles, there were also candles made of tallow. What is more, their shapes started to differ. Short candles were used in wooden medieval lamps, thin wicks were used in bedroom candle sticks, while thicker – in chambers and churches.
Among steel candle holders, there were also huge, hanging candelabrums. More wealthy people could afford beautiful, encrusted decorations from bronze, silver brass, real silver, or even gold. Candelabrums had curved footer, straight stem, ended with pin to empale a candle. Cresset lamp was known in the ancient times. At first, they were made of ceramic materials (terra cotta, stone, or clay), later of bronze, brass, silver, and gold. The Greeks and the Romans filled oil lamps with olive oil.