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SPES products - technology & methods of manufacturing
- products with visible signs of using modern methods and tools in their production; e.g. visible outside and inside seams in clothing made with the use of a machine.
- products with visible signs of using both modern and traditional methods and tools in their production; e.g. main, inside seams in clothing are made with the use of a machine while outside stitches and details are sewn by hand.
- goods with visible signs of using only traditional methods and tools in their production; e.g. all seams in clothing are sewn by hand.
*NOTE. We always use high quality materials and fabrics while making our products - the above standards of their production are not related to the materials used.
A medieval cap made of wool. It has a shape of an oval and covers the top of a head, above ears. The cap has a linen lining. Simple construction of the oval cap reminds of female woolen coifs or toques. This medieval cap gained its greatest popularity in Scandinavian countries. It was worn mainly by men.
If you want your order to be realized FASTER, please provide us your head girth (B1) during placing it. This will speed up production, so your cap will come to you sooner!
Oval cap as medieval headwear
Our replica of this medieval cap is based on the founding from Leens, from around year 600-900. Till this day it is kept in National Museum of Antiquities in Leiden (Netherlands).
However, the style of an oval cap can be derived from former times, even reaching the Romans. This thesis can be proved by a sculpture from Asia Minor, probably reaching the 4th century. It was brought by crusaders around year 1204 from the palace in Constantinopole and walled up in the corner of St. Mark's basil in Venice. The sculpture presents so called tetrarchs, together ruling the Roman empire.
Similar type of medieval oval cap, but much more encrusted, can be found in Ashmolean Museum. It comes from around 1450-1500. This silk medieval headwear enraptures with its rigorous decoration.
What are the types of medieval headwear?
Similarly to the outer garment, headwears speaks of the social status and in case of women of their marital status. In medieval iconography hardly ever can we find figures without any head wear. During all the period of the Middle Ages a hood was the most widespread head wear. Its functions were protective and sometimes symbolic, ritual or representative. Medieval headwear includes: caps, hats, coifs, hoods, kerchiefs and others. Hoods were often made of cloth, however caps and hats were made of felt.