A medieval cap made of wool. It has a shape of an oval and covers the top of a head, above ears. The cap has a linen lining.
Simple construction of the oval cap reminds of female woolen coifs or toques. This medieval cap gained its greatest popularity in Scandinavian countries. It was worn mainly by men.
Our replica of this medieval cap is based on the founding from Leens, from around year 600-900. Till this day it is kept in National Museum of Antiquities in Leiden (Netherlands). However, the style of an oval cap can be derived from former times, even reaching the Romans. This thesis can be proved by a sculpture from Asia Minor, probably reaching the 4th century. It was brought by crusaders around year 1204 from the palace in Constantinopole and walled up in the corner of St. Mark's basil in Venice. The sculpture presents so called tetrarchs, together ruling the Roman empire.Similar type of medieval oval cap, but much more encrusted, can be found in Ashmolean Museum. It comes from around 1450-1500. This silk medieval headwear enraptures with its rigorous decoration.